Brain and Lesions and Disorders

What are some of the other brain “lesions” and “disorders”?

The terms brain “lesions” and “disorders” can refer to a number of different diagnoses,
including brain tumors, in addition to (among others):

  • Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), which are complex tangles of arteries and veins
    which result from abnormal development. They are congenital (present at birth) but
    enlarge during a person’s lifetime. AVMs divert arterial blood, which is under high
    pressure, directly to the venous system without intervening capillaries. This may have several effects, including hemorrhage and seizures.
  • Pituitary cysts or tumors, located on or around the pituitary gland at the base of the brain,
    are most often benign but can nonetheless cause pain and other symptoms and, if not
    monitored, impact other areas of the brain. These include Rathkes Cleft cysts,
    craniopharyngiomas, arachnoid cysts and pituitary adenomas.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia, also called tic douloureux, is a chronic pain condition that causes
    extreme, sporadic, sudden burning or shock-like face pain lasting, typically, from a few
    seconds to two minutes. Emanating from the trigeminal nerve, this severe pain can be
    both physically and emotionally debilitating.

All of the above, as well as other “lesions” and “disorders” can be treated by the appropriate radiosurgery or neurosurgery, as determined by your neurosurgeon.

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