What is the difference between a neurologist and a neurosurgeon?

A neurologist and a neurosurgeon are similar to a cardiologist and a cardiac surgeon: The neurosurgeon employs neurosurgical means to treat neurological disorders while the neurologist uses medical (pharmacological) means to treat them.

What is neurosurgery

Neurosurgery is the surgical treatment of the nervous system and its coverings. That is, neurosurgeons operate on the brain, spinal cord, the skull and scalp, and the spine itself (bony vertebral column). This specialty treats many different kinds of disorders, including epilepsy, brain and spine tumors, movement disorders, vascular disorders, degenerative conditions of the spine and more. Dr. Fineman’s neurosurgical specialties include functional and stereotactic neurosurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, craniotomies for brain tumors and other brain lesions, andcervical, thoracic and lumbar spine surgeries of all types.

What is functional neurosurgery

Functional neurosurgery is the surgical treatment of certain neurological disorders, notably movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dystonia. Some neurosurgeriesare both “functional” and “stereotactic,” like deep brain stimulation, which is currently the neurosurgery of choice in the treatment of movement disorders.

What is stereotactic neurosurgery

Stereotactic neurosurgery uses imaging studies (MRI and/or CT) to identify discrete target locations and guide the approach to the target, typically through a very small opening in the skull,called a burr hole.

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